美国美国位于北美洲北半球，以南加拿大和墨西哥边境以北。它是由50个州的48个州，也阿拉斯加和夏威夷群岛。美国的社会是多种多样，如国家本身。没有种姓制度虽然有些人可能会争辩说一点，考虑到当前的经济形势。有很多企业家，谁也做出了自己的财富富有的个人，并有工厂工人进行最低工资标准。美国是一个伟大的国家，很多自由，那些谁选择，使自己的学习或居住的地方。留学美国提供了许多令人兴奋的机会。高美的属性的列表是其非凡的高等教育体系，这使得它为国际学生，包括那些寻求法律学位高度觊觎的目标。 美国的法律制度 ，美国法律体系包括制衡，司法特色，监管和政府部门的互联系统。总之，这些实体的管理和执行整个联邦，州和地方各级国家的法律。美国宪法赋予在它的联邦政府有过一定的情况下，具体的管辖权力 - 如涉及国家之间的联邦法律，外国政府和冲突。除此之外，每个国家都有自己的理事单位。每一方都有一个由陪审团审判包括12公民谁评估证据，并达成裁决的权利。大多数法律案件在美国达成开庭前达成通过法律的议案或解决审判之前得到解决。律师是美国法律体系的重要组成部分，并负责宣传代表他们的客户。他们是由他们的实践国家许可的。
在美国大多数的美国各州法律学位要求申请人持有认可的法学院法学博士（JD）学位。这个为期三年的课程学习如下完成四年的本科学习中的物体。该系统由许多其他国家的学生在完成中学后立即进入法学院显著不同;被认为是专业学术领域，在JD等于研究生学位。虽然不太常见，一些学校还提供了长达一年的硕士法学（法学硕士），它提供了机会，专业化，以及久负盛名的学术博士学位司法学博士（SJD）的法律。在被允许从事法律工作，大多数学生都需要在他们的做法必须通过司法考试并展示人物的标准状态。由于国家管理吧，也可以是有帮助的参加法学院在你打算练的区域。法学高等教育在美国根据美国律师协会（ABA），还有一共有202 ABA认可的法学院在美 国法学博士的第一年通常侧重于基本规律的话题，而后者则年可定制，以满足学生的兴趣。虽然许多律师非正式专业化，有各类实践之间没有法律上的区别。法学院的训练，在美国的一个特点是使用了苏格拉底式教学法，使学生直接叫上回答问题，而不是基本的讲座。学费取决于学校，你参加，跟一般的私立学校学费根据美国新闻与世界报道总额刚刚超过40,000美元。再次，该费用可能会发生变化，从一个机构到另一个。下面通过五月标准的美国校历高等教育从九月时间表。而进入法学院在美国是竞争激烈，国际学生越来越多的需求。在法律的工作通常被认为是既有利可图和奖励。此外，研究表明，律师工作在过去十年已经超过大多数其他职业。大量的法律毕业生选择不工作，作为律师，而不是寻求在商业，政府等行业的职业生涯。
1) F visa - This type of visa is for international students who are intending to pursue an academic degree at an accredited US college or university or to study English at a university or intensive English language institute. There are three types of F visa:
- F-1 visas for full-time students;
- F-2 visas for dependents of F-1 visa holders (spouse and unmarried children under the age of 21, including same-sex married couples);
- F-3 visas for ‘border commuters’ – Mexican and Canadian students who reside in their country of origin while attending part- or full-time school in the US.
2) M visa – This type of visa is for international students who want to engage in non-academic or vocational study or training at an institution in the US. There are three types of M visa:
- M-1 visas for students engaging in vocational or non-academic studies;
- M-2 visas for dependents of M-1 visa holders;
- M-3 visas for ‘border commuters’ as in F-3 visas, but for vocational or non-academic studies.
3) J visa – This type of visa is for international exchange visitors participating in programs in the US that promote cultural exchange. All applicants must meet the eligibility criteria of the program in question and be sponsored by a private sector or government program. Holders of J visas usually stay in the US for a short period of time, perhaps one or two semesters. J-1 visa holders will need to return to their home country for at least two years at the end of their exchange visitor program. There are two types of J visa:
- J-1 visas for exchange students on a relevant exchange program;
- J-2 visas for dependents of J-1 visa holders.
F visa; M visa; J visa
You must pay the SEVIS fee (US $200), which supports the cost of the computer system used to record your stay in the US. Go to https://fmjfee.com/index.html to pay the fee and make sure you print a copy of your receipt and bring it to the visa interview. You must pay the SEVIS fee at least three days before the date of your visa interview.
You will also need to pay an additional US$160 for the visa application fee in your country at the U.S. Embassy or Consulate or at a bank that the Embassy designates.
All international students coming to study in the US need to apply for an F Visa, J Visa or M Visa.
Each U.S. Embassy has a website providing instructions on how to make an appointment for a visa interview and other information on the visa application process.
- First, your school or university will send you a form confirming that you have been accepted at an institution authorized by the U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Service (USCIS) to enroll non-immigrant students
- Second, you will need to make an appointment for a visa interview and to pay some required fees.
- Third, the United States is using a new non-immigrant visa application form, DS-160 that should be completed online. This form replaces all of the other forms.
- Fourth, prepare for your visa interview. It is crucial that you apply for your visa well in advance, as this will give you extra time if there are delays at the embassy, or if you wish to appeal a decision in the event of a denial. What you wear is important, and business attire is appropriate.
The documents needed for your visa interview may include:
- Passport valid for at least six months beyond your period of stay in the US. You may also need to bring all your current and old passports.
- Signed SEVIS Form I-20 or DS-2019 (including individual forms for spouse/children)
- Form DS-7002 (for J-1 Trainee and Intern visa applicants only)
- SEVIS fee receipt
- DS-160 application confirmation page with barcode and application ID number
- MRV fee payment confirmation receipt
- Printed copy of visa interview appointment letter
- 1-2 photographs in the format explained in the photograph requirements.
You should also be prepared to provide the following documents:
- Transcripts and diplomas from previous institutions attended
- Scores from standardized tests required by the educational institution such as the TOEFL, LSAT, GRE, GMAT, etc.
- Financial evidence showing you or your sponsor (i.e. parents or a government sponsor) has sufficient funds to cover your tuition, travel, and living expenses during your stay in the US.
You can also bring along a separate written list of all your previous employers and schools you have attended for reference.
Applying for a US student visa can be a long process, so make sure you start preparing well in advance – at least three to five months before your course is due to start. Student Visas can be issued up to 120 days before the date on your form I-20. Exchange Visitor Visas can be issued anytime before the date on the DS-2019.
The F1 and J1 visas allow for the possibility of employment in the US during your stay, while the M1 Visa does not. Students with F-1 visas can work on-campus for 20 hours a week or less. Students wishing to work longer hours and off-campus must gain prior authorization from the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). J-2 visa holders may request work authorization from USCIS. F-2 and M-visa holders are not allowed to work and must secure an appropriate work visa if seeking employment.
The most common reason for a student or exchange visitor application to be denied is that the person applying for the visa has not proven to the Visa Officer that they will return to their country when they complete their studies in the U.S.A. If you are denied a visa there may be something you can do to reverse the denial, and you may appeal the decision. In most cases, you will need to provide additional documentation that was not presented with the initial application.
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